Transferability of object-based rule sets for mapping coastal high marsh habitat among different regions in Georgian Bay, Canada
Wetlands Ecology and Management
(2011) 19: 223-236. DOI 10.1007/s11273-011-9213-7
Coastal wetlands of eastern and northern Georgian Bay, Canada provide critical habitat for a variety of biota yet few have been delineated and mapped because of their widespread distribution and remoteness. This is an impediment to conservation efforts aimed at identifying significant habitat in the Laurentian Great Lakes. We propose to address this deficiency by developing an approach that relies on use of high-resolution remote sensing imagery to map wetland habitat. In this study, we use IKONOS satellite imagery to classify coastal high marsh veg- etation (seasonally inundated) and assess the transfer- ability of object-based rule sets among different regions in eastern Georgian Bay. We classified 24 wetlands in three separate satellite scenes and devel- oped an object-based approach to map four habitat classes: emergent, meadow/shrub, senescent vegeta- tion and rock. Independent rule sets were created for each scene and applied to the other images to empirically examine transferability at broad spatial scales. For a given habitat feature, the internally derived rule sets based on field data collected from the same scene provided significantly greater accuracy than those derived from a different scene (80.0 and 74.3%, respectively). Although we present a signifi- cant effect of ruleset origin on accuracy, the difference in accuracy is minimal at 5.7%. We argue that this should not detract from its transferability on a regional scale. We conclude that locally derived and object- based rule sets developed from IKONOS imagery can successfully classify complex vegetation classes and be applied to different regions without much loss of accuracy. This indicates that large–scale mapping automation may be feasible with images with similar spectral, spatial, contextual, and textural properties.